Bloodborne Cheat Sheet: A Quick Study for Your BBP Test

Why would you need a bloodborne cheat sheet? Do you work in a job where you have a higher-than-average risk of exposure to blood and other bodily fluids? Is this risk a normal part of your daily work?

Maybe you’re a daycare provider, doctor, or tattoo artist?

If so, you are legally required to complete bloodborne pathogens training. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is the organization that enforces safe and healthy work conditions.

Get OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Certified

OSHA sets occupational standards for everything from how many hours you can work in a day to what kind of protective equipment you have to wear on the job. OSHA will even tell you what kind of training you have to attend if you’re exposed to certain chemicals on the job.

OSHA requires bloodborne pathogen training.

And at the end of that training, there will be a test of what you’ve learned in order to receive your certification.

To get you ready for your test, we’re providing a bloodborne cheat sheet. Take the training and review this bloodborne cheat sheet to make sure you are ready for your bloodborne pathogens certification!

BBP Overview

The first topic typically covered during training, and on this bloodborne cheat sheet, is an overview of bloodborne pathogens.

During your bloodborne pathogen (BBP) training, you’ll get introduced to the concept of BBP. You will need to know the definition of bloodborne pathogens, how they spread, and why you need training.

What are Bloodborne Pathogens?

BBPs are infectious microorganisms in human blood that can cause disease in humans.

How Do Bloodborne Pathogens Spread?

BBPs spread through exposure to blood.

Other potentially infectious material (OPIM) can also spread these infectious microorganisms. OPIM can include saliva, semen, and other bodily fluids.

How Are We Exposed to Bloodborne Pathogens?

Transmission can occur anytime you experience exposure to blood or other bodily fluids.

If you are stuck by a needle or other sharp you may have been exposed. If you get blood or OPIM in your eyes, nose, mouth, or on broken skin, you may have been exposed.

What Training Does OSHA Require?

You can find the full requirements for BBP training, which are reviewed here in this bloodborne cheat sheet, at OSHA 29 Code of Federal Regulations 1910.1030.

This standard applies anyone with occupational exposure. Occupational exposure means you can reasonably expect to come into contact with blood or OPIM during your normal, daily activities on the job.

Nurses, day care providers, body artists, and first responders have occupational exposure.

Click here to read more on other industries that would benefit from BBP training.

Common BBPs

Your training will also cover the most common pathogens. This bloodborne cheat sheet includes the most common types of BBP: hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).

What is Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is inflammation of the liver caused by the HBV. Chronic HBV can cause liver damage, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and even death. There is a vaccine for this strain of hepatitis.

What is Hepatitis C?

Hepatitis C is an inflammation of the liver caused by HCV. Most people with chronic HCV are asymptomatic. This means that these people are symptom-free. They could also experience vague symptoms such as chronic fatigue and depression.

What is Human Immunodeficiency Virus?

HIV is a virus that destroys a person’s immune system. Eventually, HIV can lead to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). AIDS means that your body is not able to fight off common viruses and bacteria. There is no vaccination or cure for HIV.

Employer’s Responsibilities

BBP training will teach you about what measures your employer is required to take to keep you safe on the job.  From this bloodborne cheat sheet, you’ll also learn about what steps you are required to take to protect yourself from exposure.

What is an Employer Control Plan?

Your employer has to put a control plan in place that limits exposure to BBPs on the job. This play will lay out what the expected course of action is if there is an exposure incident.

OSHA requires employers to provide BBP training to workers with occupational exposure.

This control plan should also cover work practice controls such as proper handling, storage, and disposal methods. A sharps disposal container would count as an example of an engineering control.

These controls and other good housekeeping practices will help keep you safe on the job.

OSHA requires your employer to provide you with personal protective equipment. Personal protective equipment is also known as PPE. PPE includes items such as face masks, gloves, and safety glasses. While this bloodborne cheat sheet doesn’t cover details on the use of PPE, employers are required to train you on how to properly use, wear, and discard of your PPE.

What are Universal Precautions?

Universal precautions ensure that we treat all blood and OPIM with the same level of care and concern. You and your employer have to react as though any exposure to blood or OPIM is an exposure to a dangerous pathogen.

Until proven otherwise, all blood and OPIM should be treated as though it is infectious.

Do You Need Immunizations?

Your employer should provide HBV immunizations. They should also make sure everyone is up to date on vaccines.

If an exposure occurs, a doctor should administer the appropriate, precautionary immunizations.

What Do You Do if an Exposure Incident Occurs?

If an exposure incident occurs, you need to report it to your company immediately.

OSHA requires employers to provide a confidential medical evaluation to anyone who has been exposed to BBPs. Medical follow-up will also be available.

Use This Bloodborne Cheat Sheet

BBPs are a serious threat to a safe and healthful workplace. Exposure to BBP has the potential to lead to long-term, detrimental health effects.

You need to learn about the risks of BBPs and protections that you can take to avoid those risks.

BBP training helps to ensure that workers have the information and tools necessary to protect themselves from BBP threats on the job. BBP training holds your employer accountable for your well-being.

Make sure you are compliant with all OSHA standards for BBPs. Sign up today for individual or company-wide training.

If you have any other questions about BBP training, or need help getting started, contact us today.